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A bowl of glutinous rice balls is full of energy.

Lantern Festival lights
When it comes to Lantern Festival, what comes to mind first? It’s a soft, glutinous and elastic Lantern Festival, a lively and exploding fireworks; Or is it the romance after dusk, when people suddenly look back? I believe that no matter what you think, there must be lights.
Lantern Festival on the fifteenth day of the first month, the night of the first full moon after the Spring Festival, is the first reunion season on earth. As the saying goes, "A moon without lights is not entertaining, and a moon without lights is not spring." Lantern Festival is also called "Lantern Festival". Opening lanterns and watching lanterns on Lantern Festival night has long been a traditional holiday custom, and it has been passed down to this day.
Most people tend to think that the custom of lighting lanterns on the Lantern Festival originated in the Han Dynasty. A popular saying is that Emperor Wen of Han started to celebrate the Lantern Festival to commemorate the suppression of the "Zhulu Rebellion" and advocated having fun with the people, so every family decorated with lanterns and colored decorations on this day. According to records, after the death of Emperor Gaozu Liu Bang, Lv Hou monopolized state affairs. This situation did not improve because of Lv Hou’s death. Instead, the Lushi clan wanted to seize power. The day when Emperor Wendi put down the rebellion happened to be the fifteenth day of the first month.
There is also a saying that this tradition originated from religion. Those who insist on the origin of Taoism believe that the fifteenth day of the first month is Shangyuan Festival, the fifteenth day of July is Zhongyuan Festival, and the fifteenth day of October is Xiayuan Festival. The three officials in charge of the three elements are heaven, earth and water, and the celestial official in charge of the three elements is happy, so the lantern festival should be lit. Those who advocate the theory of the origin of Buddhism believe that Emperor Hanming believed in Buddhism. He heard that Buddhism observed Buddhist relics and lit lanterns to worship Buddha on the fifteenth day of the first month, so he ordered that "lanterns were lit to show Buddha" in palaces and temples on this day. This practice gradually spread to the people.
It is difficult to find out which statement is more true about the origin of Lantern Festival custom, but more importantly, for ancient people, the curfew can be temporarily lifted on the night of Yuanxi, and they can walk in the brightly lit streets and enjoy the lanterns. Although thousands of years have passed, people are eager to celebrate festivals and yearn for a better life.
Shangyuan Lantern Color Map (Ming Dynasty) (Source: Network)
If someone looks at the lights, of course, someone has to make them. The production of ancient lanterns originated in the Han Dynasty, flourished in the Tang Dynasty and matured in the Song Dynasty. After continuous inheritance and development, it has reached a state of perfection in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
According to the way of viewing, lanterns can be roughly divided into two categories: one is dynamic performance lanterns, such as dragon lanterns and lantern lanterns; There is also a static ornamental lantern, such as palace lantern, gauze lantern, Suzhou lantern and Yangzhou melon lantern. According to the placement method, it can also be divided into chandelier, seat lamp, wall lamp, lantern and so on. In the Tang Dynasty, large-scale lantern groups began to appear, and lanterns of various colors formed a lamp tree, a lamp tower and a lamp mountain, which were brilliant and varied.
The production of ancient lanterns combines a variety of techniques, materials, techniques and procedures, presenting a comprehensive art form. Commonly used techniques include painting, paper binding, weaving, paper cutting, embroidery, pasting and so on. Commonly used materials are bamboo, wood, rattan, metal, silk, paper and so on.
There is a general process for making lanterns, including about 20 processes: first, press the bought paper out of wrinkles, dye it in various colors, and wait for the stains to dry; Then according to a certain size, bamboo is broken, made into bamboo sticks and tied into a skeleton; Then start paper-cutting, origami, and make it into various needed shapes; Finally, hang up red tassels and other decorations. Such a simple lantern is ready.
In addition to simple lanterns, there is also a kind of lanterns that are meticulous and complicated, that is, palace lanterns known for their exquisite beauty, grace and elegance. Ancient palace lanterns were named after being made and used by palaces and officials, so they also represented the royal style to some extent.
Palace lanterns have a variety of shapes, including square, hexagonal, octagonal, square victory, flower basket, dragon and phoenix, fan and so on, among which hexagonal palace lanterns are the most representative. The materials used in the framework are also mahogany, rosewood, rosewood and carved copper, and the materials used in the lamp surface are gauze, glass or horn pieces. Decorative patterns are colorful and auspicious, including landscapes, flowers and birds, figures and so on.
Palace lantern was founded in Luoyang, which has been a national intangible cultural heritage project. There are more than 70 processes to make a Luoyang palace lantern, mainly including lighting, pinching, screening, pasting, mending, painting, setting, washing and decorating, which can be roughly divided into several steps. Skeleton making: in the process of skeleton making, the bamboo should be steamed and dried in a pot, and then the rough skin of the bamboo should be scraped clean, and the bamboo should be cut into a certain length according to the size of the lantern made; After the bamboo is ready, we start to make bamboo sticks, first break the bamboo pole, then split the bamboo sticks, cut the bamboo sticks, drill bamboo holes and other nearly ten processes; Then connect these bamboo sticks in series, and the skeleton of the palace lantern becomes. Lamp cloth: paste must be evenly spread on each bamboo stick, and then the previously cut cloth should be gently covered on the open lamp holder, and then the brush should be dipped in the paste to brush it flat. Decorate: After the paste is dried, you can decorate it with paper cuts or write on it. It usually takes a day or two to make a palace lantern.
Palace lanterns (source: Qiantu. com)
Compared with the ancient palace lanterns on the tall buildings, there is also a kind of lantern with distinctive features, which is closer to the people, and that is the lantern. The lantern is also called the lantern. As the name implies, the lantern is a lantern that can be turned. In ancient times, the lantern was generally made of sorghum straw as a lamp holder, and a flat wind wheel was installed. The patterns formed by paper-cutting were evenly arranged around the wind wheel, and the candles in the lantern were lit. The candlelight heated the air and pushed the wind wheel to rotate, and the patterns "walked" up. The most commonly used pattern in ancient times was the pattern of military commanders riding horses. When the lights turned, these people were like riding horses, and you chased each other, which is the origin of the name of the lantern.
The production of the lantern makes use of the principle that hot air rises to generate thrust, which seems simple, but it is also the original application of the working principle of modern gas turbines. On the occasion of the festive season, you might as well do it yourself and experience the wonderful ideas and skills of the ancient working people in China thousands of years ago.
The principle of the lantern (Source: China Digital Technology Museum)
references
[1] Liang Manman. Luoyang Palace Lantern production skills and inheritance [J]. Art Jian, 2017(03):122-123.
[2] Zhang Tongsheng. The origin of the Lantern Festival and its traditional construction [J]. Central Plains Cultural Studies, 2021,9 (02): 101-108. Doi: 10.16600/j.cnki.41-1426/c.2021.02.012. 。
[3] Zhang Jing. Analysis of Lantern Festival culture in China [J]. Changjiang Series, 2018(27):39-40.
[4] Jin Kaicheng. Lantern Festival: China cultural knowledge reader [M]. Changchun: Jilin Literature and History Publishing House, 2012.
[5] Chen Xiulian, Dong Sheng. Shangyuan Period: Lantern Festival [M]. Changchun: Jilin Publishing Group Co., Ltd., 2012.
[6] Lu Xiang. Chinese traditional festival poetry story: Spring Festival Lantern Festival [M]. Shanghai: Shanghai Far East Publishing House, 2017.
Reprinted content only represents the author’s point of view
Does not represent the position of Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
If you need to reprint, please contact the original WeChat official account.
Source: Damei Science
Editor: sweeping monk
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The cultural activities of the Spring Festival and Lantern Festival in Jincheng, Shanxi Province in 2024 were staged.

During the Spring Festival and Lantern Festival in 2024, Jincheng will carry out "two festivals" cultural activities with the theme of "Happy China Year, Healthy Cultivation of Jincheng Taste", and send New Year greetings to the general public and tourists with various and colorful activities to share a happy and peaceful cultural feast of the Spring Festival.
During the "two festivals", Jincheng will hold the Spring Festival Gala with the theme of "Happy Year of Longteng Fengcheng", a series of activities of "Celebrating the New Year on Taihang Mountain", an exhibition of outstanding plays of "Fengming Chunxiao", a Spring Festival opera evening of "Pear Garden Singing Prosperous Times, Love for Party Style" and the lighting of main roads, squares and parks in urban areas. Among them, in the "Taihang Mountain for the New Year" activity, before February 29, Jincheng and Changzhi, Luoyang, Jiaozuo and Jiyuan formed a tourism "partner" to carry out the ticket exemption activities for A-level tourist attractions; The main scenic spots in counties (cities, districts) have carefully prepared activities such as dragon dance, lion dance, iron flower, food street and so on; From the twelfth day of the first lunar month (February 21st) to the sixteenth day of the first lunar month (February 25th), the first Yangtze River Delta tourist train will be opened to "Taihang Mountain for the New Year", and about 300 tourists will enter the scenic spots such as Situ Town, Huangcheng Xiangfu, Xiangyu Castle, Busan, Xizhen Suzhuang, Yandi Mausoleum, Yuhuang Temple and Jincheng Museum. This activity is of great significance for the next step to expand the tourist market in the Yangtze River Delta.
Counties (cities, districts) will simultaneously hold a series of cultural activities with local characteristics. With the integration of traditional customs and modern science and technology, the urban area has formed a strong atmosphere of "ten activities to celebrate the New Year and all the people to celebrate the New Year" by means of "online+offline"; Zezhou carried out the lighting of the "Ancient Rhyme Zezhou" lantern show, the folk culture parade, the regional characteristic activities, and the exhibition and broadcast of traditional Chinese opera literature and art; Gaoping held the second Yandi Lantern Festival, and made every effort to create 16 boutique projects of four experience activities, namely, "Celebration, Joy, Gathering Gaoping", "Enjoying Gaoping with Non-legacy", "Warming the city with fireworks" and "Good Life". Yangcheng strives to create a "prosperous year" with dim lights, a "folk year" with ancient charm and a "cultural year" with strong book fragrance around the park, mountain city, traditional culture and book fragrance. Lingchuan highlights the theme of "health care" and focuses on the characteristics of "local culture", and launches cultural experience projects such as the Spring Festival Gala, the parade and performance of non-legacy projects, the handcrafted lantern corridor, and the poetry street. Qinshui has launched seven kinds of activities: Quyi, Opera, Intangible Heritage, Folklore, Performing Arts, Lantern Festival and Exhibition. Reporter Zheng Lu Shanxi Daily
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[Xunxi Baoma] Spring is coming! Tell these idioms and things about beginning of spring to children.

today

sun

stand

spring

February 3, 2021, 22:59:00

At 22: 59 today, the "beginning of spring" solar term will be ushered in

from this day onwards

The earth began to thaw.

The stinger gradually wakes up.

Beginning of spring is the first of the 24 solar terms.

Spring returns to the earth, which is the beginning of time series.

In our traditional culture,

There are many idioms about "spring"

Every time I read it, I always have a kind of

Feel like a spring breeze

Today, Xiaobian reveals "beginning of spring" with six idioms.

Read idioms with children.

Learn about these traditional cultural knowledge.

The Origin of beginning of spring in Spring Return to the Earth

SPRINGR

A year’s plan starts with spring. The ancients in China attached great importance to "beginning of spring" and always regarded it as a festival.

The word "beginning of spring" appeared as early as three thousand years ago in the Zhou Dynasty. According to the Book of Rites, during the Zhou Dynasty, every time in "beginning of spring", the Emperor of Zhou personally led officials, governors and literati to hold a ceremony to welcome the Spring Festival in the eastern suburbs, and then rewarded his ministers and benefited the people.

After the Eastern Han Dynasty, the custom of "welcoming the Spring" appeared in the ruling and opposition parties, such as women’s "cutting the ribbon for swallows" as headdresses and pasting "Yichun" on doors. During the Tang and Song Dynasties, on the day of "beginning of spring", ministers below the prime minister would go to the DPRK to congratulate them. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, no matter "welcoming the spring" or "whipping the spring", the etiquette is extremely grand.

Beginning of spring’s Three Seasons in Spring.

SPRINGR

According to the order of the twenty-four solar terms

Beginning of spring is the first solar term.

Also known as "DaChun"

It is the sixth "nine" after the winter solstice.

Therefore, there is a saying that "spring hits six or nine heads"

"Look at the willows across the river in May and June"

At this time, the festival will see a slight green.

In the eyes of the ancients

There are three iconic phenology in beginning of spring.

Wait, the east wind thaws.

The gentle east wind caressed the earth.

Waves gently shake green, frozen marks pin in the water.

Second, the sting insect begins to vibrate.

Hibernating animals don’t get up.

But I woke up and wanted to stretch.

The third time, the fish will lose ice.

Some ice began to melt, and fish could be seen.

But there are still some broken ice on the water.

It feels like a fish is swimming with ice on its back.

Of course, beginning of spring is just an idea.

After that, "the willow color is golden and tender, and the pear flower is snowy."

Is the epitome of spring phenology.

The day of beginning of spring is still warm and cold.

Beginning of spring customs full of spring.

SPRING

This day in beginning of spring

Folk beliefs offer sacrifices to Mang God.

Namely Ju Mang.

It is the God of the East.

It symbolizes the arrival of spring and the growth of all things.

Purpose of sacrifice

Is to pray for a bumper harvest in agriculture

In beginning of spring, there was a custom of "biting spring" among the people.

Beginning of spring eats spring cakes because people.

Good wishes for "a year’s plan lies in spring"

And "biting spring" chewing radish, take the ancients.

The meaning of "biting the grass roots, you can do everything"

(Image source | Network)

Beginning of spring, this day.

Many places still have to "spring"

Also known as "whip spring cow"

Mould cattle with soil and stuff them with grains.

Worship, break, grab soil, pick up grain

It is called grabbing spring, and it is lucky to grab the cow’s head.

This way reflects

People’s good expectations for a bumper harvest of grain.

Comic book: Whip Spring

Image source | People’s Daily Online

After beginning of spring, wait until the spring blossoms.

Even more, travel together.

Commonly known as going out of the city to explore the spring.

This is also the main form of spring outing.

Beginning of spring proverb of beautiful spring scenery.

SPRING

At the end of the year, beginning of spring plans to farm early.

A year’s plan lies in spring, and a lifetime’s plan lies in diligence.

In spring, there is a struggle for the sun, and in summer, it is not too late to have a big event in a year.

It rains in beginning of spring, get up early and go to bed late.

Spring is chilly and summer is cold and rainy.

The ship arrives without waiting for passengers, and the season waits for no man.

One day by mistake, one year by mistake.

If you want good crops, it is early all the year round.

Spring is cold and summer is stuffy and rainy, autumn is cold and winter is dry and windy.

Beginning of spring’s poems full of spring scenery

SPRING

Beginning of spring on the 7th day of the first month in Beijing.

Don Luo Yin

One two three four five six seven,

Every tree is born today.

Far away, the geese return to the clouds,

Fish swimming near the water burst out of the ice.

Minus Magnolia beginning of spring

Song Sushi

Spring cattle and spring staff,

Infinite spring breeze comes to the sea.

With spring work,

Dyed pink as flesh.

Spring banners win in spring,

A spring breeze woke up the wine.

Not like the end of the world,

Roll up poplars like snowflakes.

Snow in beginning of spring since the morning.

Don Zhang Jiuling

Suddenly to Lin Tingxue,

Yaohua is everywhere.

At the beginning of this year,

Last night, I accompanied the Spring Festival.

Bamboo in front of Yurun window,

Plums in the flower garden.

Eastern suburb fast sacrifice place,

You should see the five gods.

Yu Meiren See Mei Zuo in Yizhou

Song Huang tingjian

There is also a letter from Jiangnan in the end of the world.

A plum blossom knows spring is near.

The midnight wind is fine and fragrant late,

Don’t come to dawn and spread all over the south branch.

Jade platform should be jealous of powder flowers,

Floating to the eyebrows.

I want to be deep in my life.

Go to the country and be a teenager at the age of ten.

Chun Hua Qiu Shi zhi beginning of spring health

SPRING

The key to health care in beginning of spring lies in disease prevention and health care.

Especially in early spring, when the weather turns from cold to warm, all kinds of pathogenic bacteria and viruses grow and multiply. In order to avoid the occurrence of diseases in spring, in the preventive measures, we must first eliminate the source of infection; Second, always open the window to keep the air fresh; Third, we should strengthen exercise and improve the body’s defense ability.

Spring is the best time to exercise and keep fit.

Gymnastics, jogging, walking and outing are all good choices. People who are engaged in exercise in spring have strong resistance, and the early morning is the time when the sun is shining, which is most suitable for exercise.

Dressing should be "thick at the bottom and thin at the top"

After beginning of spring, although the temperature began to rise and the rainfall began to increase, beginning of spring is only the beginning of spring, especially in the north, where there will be a period of cold and warm, and "cold in late spring" often strikes, so we should pay more attention to keeping warm and protecting the yang.

Live up to spring.

SPRING

In less than ten days, we will usher in the Spring Festival.

Beginning of spring is approaching the end of the year

The rich flavor of the year began to diffuse.

This past year

No matter what ups and downs there have been.

Let it go.

Let’s start with beginning of spring.

Regain confidence and courage in the new year.

Pay for love and work hard for dreams.

Cherish spring scenery

Source: China Education News.

Original title: "[Xunxi Baoma] Spring is coming! Tell these idioms and things about beginning of spring to children.

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Li Ao published erotic novels, saying that the plot absolutely made people blush and beat their hearts (Figure)


  BEIJING, April 25 (Xinhua) Former legislator Li Ao released his latest masterpiece "Virtual 17" on the 25th. Li Ao joked at the press conference that there is an upper and lower age limit for reading this fantastic erotic novel, and people over 80 and under 18 can’t read it, otherwise it will be "frozen (unbearable)", like "Hao Longbin’s father (Hao Baicun) can’t read it".


  According to Taiwan Province’s Dongsen News, today’s press conference of Li Ao’s new book was held in Fuhua Hotel. Li Ao said that although the book is not "illustrated", the story with 360,000 words and 600 pages thick is absolutely blushing and heart-pounding. A reporter asked, are most of the contents of this book real stories of "masters"? He did not change the old urchin’s personality, and said, "Of course, most of them are fake."


  Li Ao also surprisingly said that the reason for publishing this "virtual seventeen-year-old" was that Taiwan Province had no literature at all during the Kuomintang ruling era, and some "monsters" who engaged in modern literature, such as Bai Xianyong and Wang Wenxing, came out. "I tell you, they were successful in life, failed in composition, and their articles were not well written. They learned the fur of foreigners and could not read their books, which was boring." Because "I look down on these people and talk to them.


  Li Ao returned to his old job of writing and finished the novel "Virtual 17-year-old" after he stepped down as a legislator. He said that this book took five years, because it was delayed during his tenure as a "legislator" and he had time to concentrate on writing after leaving office.


  "Virtual 17-year-old" narrates that a 17-year-old beautiful girl’s brain was implanted with a smart chip, and under the inspiration of a 67-year-old master of wisdom (the incarnation of Li Ao), she started the pursuit of spirituality and philosophy. The plot not only talks about ideas like "Beijing Fayuan Temple", but also has climaxes every 5 or 6 pages, so he also automatically classified the new book as a restricted level, added envelopes and affixed stickers.


  Li Ao once said with a smile a few days ago that he is an out-of-date figure. Although the new book is very restricted, I am afraid it is still difficult to sell, but "I am rich and not afraid of losing money!" However, Li Ao was right in this sentence, because the visiting members of the mainland rich group, after seeing his high popularity in the mainland, left the stage and generously gave a big red envelope to cross-strait cultural exchanges, and decided to contribute 30 million yuan to support the establishment of a cultural academy in Li Ao to promote cross-strait cultural exchanges.

Editor: Li Xian

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How dare you play the hardcore drama Under the Sun?

It’s going to rain, and people want to chase dramas. Although the production of film and television dramas has been greatly reduced by the big environment in 2020, there are still many excellent hardcore suspense dramas, such as Hidden Corner from the perspective of children, Trident by the Economic Investigation Group for the elderly, roving inspection group that is sweeping the ratings list, and Under the Sun, which suddenly parachuted in the New Year’s Eve and launched strongly on Mango TV.

In particular, "Under the Sun" directed by Yutong Yan, starring Cai Wenjing, Liu Kai and Peng Guanying, and joined by Wang Jinsong, Feng Lei, sarina and other drama groups, is the most unique in terms of creativity and innovation. Now the plot has just started for more than a dozen episodes, and it has become a must-have drama on the Internet.

The drama can win everyone’s favor. Apart from the production and actors, the most crucial reason is that the director dares to play, not only dare to play, but also "the city will play"!

After all, Yan Yudan grew up in a military family, graduated from the law department of Fudan University, and was an expert in directing many criminal investigation dramas in CCTV. His rigorous knowledge system and rich creative experience made him disdainful of playing those proven prescribed moves, but he made a surprise attack and tried some new elements and gameplay.

For example, in terms of role setting, whether it is a hard-core chivalrous detective or a high-intelligence detective, it is all leftover buns from other people’s homes. This drama has created a pair of mixed doubles partners who seem to have nothing to do with fighting crime, and the contrast is particularly great. Ke Ying, played by Cai Wenjing, is a female teacher of a foreign language school. She is beautiful and intellectual, and she can’t see any lethality from her appearance. Xiaowu, a takeaway brother played by Liu Kai, is common in the market.

Such a pair of protagonists may not survive two episodes in other dramas, but in Under the Sun, they not only survived, but also lived like others dare not even think about it. In the first episode, on a dark night, Ke Ying encountered three Jiang Yang thieves, and the narrative rhythm of crackling broke through the plot reversal of the brain hole. With the third-party perspective played by Wang Jinsong, the whole process was deduced, making this anti-killing like a miracle.

If the image of the hero and heroine has knocked over the red tape of the genre drama, then the villain can be called shocking. The overbearing president Feng Xiaosheng and Jiang Yang Avenue Shen Shijie are strangely combined, played by a powerful actor, Peng Guanying. One second, he is a desperate parkour, and the next second, he has been standing on the stage and attracted a lot of attention. The seemingly gentle Feng Xiaosheng is secretly scared with the eyes of hidden evil spirits. This strange style of painting has broken through the conventional logic.

On the one hand, the beauty teacher’s version of "Complex Gold" and the villain’s version of "Chasing the Murder at White Night" were in high energy from the beginning. Shen Shijie, who became the voice of Feng Xiao, angered and killed the tip of the knife, revealing his bloodthirsty nature. Xiao Wu was like a tiger, and he was constantly in danger in the dangerous zone between black and white. Ke Ying was determined to find out the truth in his own way and use his beauty and wisdom to dance on the tip of the devil’s knife.

As an emotional suspense drama, Under the Sun dares to make the emotional relationship and drama conflict of the characters to the extreme. On the basis of hard-core suspense, it dares to try new ways of playing that no one dared to play before, both in terms of innovation and experience. Its appearance has made a good start for domestic dramas in 2021. I hope that from now on, there will be more and more good dramas, so that every day will be there.

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What is the experience of playing volleyball on the bench? Come to Hainan to see "Village Pai"

This summer, the township volleyball league in Wenchang, Hainan was popular through the Internet. Although it is an amateur competition attended by local villagers, there are many fierce competitive scenes and more enthusiastic fans and spectators. There are competitions in every village and everyone can play ball. Why are local residents so keen on volleyball? Walk into Wenchang, Hainan and feel the popularity and vitality of the "village platoon" here.
In Wenchang volleyball circle, Huang Zi, who is over half a century old, is a famous figure. When he was young, he was also a fierce player on the court. Now he is too old to run, but his enthusiasm for volleyball remains undiminished. The township volleyball league was about to start that night, and Lao Huang was busy again. He loaded the fans’ clothes customized by his friends into the car.
The game on the field is fierce and the field is packed. Who would have thought that this was just a township volleyball league? Different from the 6-a-side volleyball matches we often see, all the volleyball played here is 9-a-side volleyball. Not only many people participated in the competition, but also many players went into battle barefoot or in slippers, and they played fast break, spike and block brilliantly.
Xu feng, captain of Wenchang Dongjiao Team: It’s hot here, and everyone likes to wear slippers. It’s easier to go outside. I’m used to playing. I can play without clothes or barefoot.
There is a court in every village, and everyone can play. In Wenchang, in such a stadium, the most common picture is to meet acquaintances. The players may be the "second brother" who went home during the summer vacation, or the "third uncle" who opened a shop in the town. We are close to each other and know each other well.
Fu Xingfa, a member of Wenchang Zhongxing Team: On the opposite side are some of my former friends, all of whom often play ball. Friends off the court, but opponents on the court, so we won’t give in to you. If you lose, let’s buy drinks.
The competition is amateur, but the organization of the competition is not sloppy. Physical education teachers are referees, young and beautiful volleyball babies, humorous commentators, various live broadcast equipment and even sponsors’ advertisements around the stadium. These professional stadium elements are all available, and cheerleader Huang Zi is very busy.
The competition not only attracted local people, but also many fans specially came from other places to experience the charm of Wenchang Village Pai. According to the organizer’s statistics, just two weeks after the competition started, it attracted tens of thousands of people to watch it.
Ms. Sheng, a volleyball fan in Haikou: I came from Haikou just to experience it and see if this feeling is really different. Young people can play, and old people can understand.
Laura, host of Hainan International Communication Center: Playing volleyball in Hainan is very popular. I have learned to play volleyball, that is, playing volleyball with them in Hainan.
The whole people love volleyball "village volleyball" and the mass base is deep.
A township volleyball match is really exciting and enjoyable. After stepping down from the field, the players have resumed their old lives. They may be farmers who cultivate the land, small business owners who run shops, or young people who go out to work or return home during holidays, but volleyball has become an indispensable part of their lives. Wenchang has a good reputation as the "hometown of volleyball". According to the Records of Wenchang County, Wenchang volleyball has a long history, and it has been more than a hundred years since volleyball was introduced to Wenchang in the early 20th century.
Lin Min, a cheerleader in Puqian Town, Wenchang City: There is always a volleyball match in our village. Everyone will play, and when the atmosphere comes up, they all play. It’s a natural gene. That’s how the ball hits the hand.
This court, which is hidden in the coconut grove, is the volleyball court in Yehai Village, Dongjiao Town, Wenchang City. It is a standard-sized court with all kinds of nets and sideline. In the evening, the weather is still hot, and many children are already playing on the court.
Fu Fangji, a middle school student in the eastern suburbs of Wenchang City: Show me the photos of my dad when he was young. I saw that my dad looked handsome when he played volleyball, and then I followed him. They all play on the playground with their classmates, often sweating.
In the mottled shadows of the trees, several teenagers confronted each other on the field. They were shirtless and sweaty, laughing and laughing constantly. The children in the village like to play games, and gradually developed solid basic skills in the confrontation. Of course, if you win, you can also get a reward.
Lin Fa, a middle school student in the eastern suburbs of Wenchang City: Whoever loses will treat you, and treat you to drinks.
The stadium is a paradise for children during the day and a stage for adults at night. Farming, selling vegetables, driving, opening stores … After work, people took off their shoes and played ball with bare arms until late at night. In the evening, there is a friendly match between Dongjiao Town and Dongge Town. The game has not started yet, and the field is already surrounded by villagers and fans.
In Wenchang, the whole people participate in volleyball, and the gameplay is even more varied. Playing with benches, everyone holding hands and playing together … Among them, the "bench" volleyball is the most distinctive, and the players use the "bench" to serve, spike and block.
In recent years, Wenchang has built and renovated many volleyball courts, large and small, with different standards. Today, there are more than 600 volleyball courts in the city, covering almost every village, with the participation of all men, women and children.
Bao Guangyu, director of Wenchang Tourism, Culture, Radio, Film and Sports Bureau: Every year, there will be new construction, renovation or renovation, ranging from a dozen to dozens of volleyball courts. At least millions of funds are invested in rural volleyball, just volleyball.
Grounding gas gathers popularity "village platoon" to make rural life more exciting.
With a strong local flavor, Wenchang volleyball is out of the circle, which also drives volleyball to blossom everywhere in Hainan. In recent years, some young people who love volleyball have also played at home and abroad. Village Pai, as a mass sport, has made the people play their best, and the local government has also actively promoted the cultural tourism industry centered on village Pai, which has promoted the prosperity of rural culture and economic development.
Fu Xiangming, although he is not tall, once participated in the first nine-a-side volleyball competition in China on behalf of Hainan Province. He was the only player without professional training. He worked hard with his teammates and finally won the championship.
Fu Xiangming, a member of Wenchang Dongjiao Team: When I was in the first grade of primary school, I tied a rope under the coconut tree and played volleyball with my classmates. Basically, I played volleyball with my classmates every day after class.
Fu Xiangming’s parents didn’t approve of his playing at first. However, seeing his son’s enthusiasm for volleyball, his parents finally chose to support him silently.
Fu Xiangming’s father, Fu Xiangshun: This is Xiang Ming’s winning prize in competitions in counties and cities in recent years. In order to encourage him, I will do everything as hard as I like volleyball.
Now Fu Xiangming works in a local coconut processing factory in Wenchang, and playing volleyball is still an important part of his life. Busy in the production line during the day, after work at night, he plunged into the volleyball court to feel the enthusiasm and passion of volleyball.
Fu Xiangming, a member of Wenchang Dongjiao team: You should work hard here to make money during the day, or your boss will deduct your salary. If you get off work, you usually get off work at five or six o’clock. When you get off work, you really want to get off work and play ball. I go to the stadium almost every day. If I don’t play, I just sit there and watch them play.
Fu Xiangming is only 162 meters tall, but he has a solid defensive skill in the back row. He saved the ball and risked his life. The locals gave him the nickname "Tie Sanbo".
Fu Xiangming, a member of Wenchang Dongjiao team: Those fans have a little recognition of my own strength, so I got the nickname. What they didn’t expect was that the ball could hardly be saved, but I thought in my heart that I could save the ball. Every game should be fought for honor and never admit defeat.
There are many people playing volleyball, watching volleyball and engaging in volleyball in Wenchang. For more than ten years, Wenchang Amateur Sports School has provided a group of excellent players for China men’s volleyball team, women’s volleyball team and sand volleyball team, and even more, it has stepped out of the world champion of sand volleyball, Lin Meimei. The popularity of Wenchang Township Volleyball League matches is closely related to the planning and organization of the local government. This year, there are 20 teams participating in the township volleyball league, with a total of 52 games, which last for 2 months. In order to expand its influence and meet more audiences, the local government has made detailed plans. In front of the shop, the town is decorated with lights to welcome visitors from all directions. The venue was brightly lit, and the inner and outer floors were surrounded by spectators. The shouts of players and the cheers of the audience pierced the night sky. The pedestrian street outside the venue is also very lively, with the live broadcast of the game on the big screen, wonderful programs on the stage, and the overflowing smell of vinegar, which makes the whole town immersed in the festive atmosphere.
Mr. Zhong, a volleyball fan in Haikou: As a Hainanese, I will feel that Hainan’s sports culture is going up.
Bao Guangyu, Director of Wenchang Tourism, Culture, Radio, Film and Sports Bureau: It is our goal to build Hainan’s "Village VA" ("Village Pai") into a well-known brand of mass sports events in China. We must continue to do so to make brand events more durable and more vital, and at the same time play a better role in driving.
"Village Pai" in Wenchang, Hainan: Making the countryside more vibrant.
This summer, a series of fiery "Village Pai" events, while constantly enriching the spiritual and cultural life of local people, have gradually become a new engine to promote rural revitalization. The rise and fall of "Village Pai" in Wenchang, Hainan has undoubtedly injected more vitality into the countryside and made the countryside present a more vibrant scene.
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Love: exploring its deep-seated essence from the perspective of psychology

Original title: Love: Exploring its deep-seated essence from a psychological perspective

Love, the most complicated and mysterious phenomenon in human emotions, has always attracted the exploration of countless philosophers, writers and psychologists. So, from a psychological point of view, what is love?

Love is a strong emotional bond, which connects two people and makes them have deep emotional resonance. In love, people are often willing to give everything for each other, and even desperate to pursue each other’s happiness. The source of this emotional power lies in the three basic elements of love: intimacy, enthusiasm and commitment.

Intimacy is the most basic part of love, which refers to the emotional connection and mutual support between two people. In love, intimacy can make both sides feel safe, understood and accepted, thus establishing a deep trust relationship. This intimacy includes not only emotional communication, but also physical contact and interaction.

Enthusiasm is the most obvious manifestation of love, which refers to the strong attraction and desire of both sides for each other. This enthusiasm can be expressed as appreciation and infatuation with each other’s appearance, personality, hobbies and other aspects. In love, enthusiasm can stimulate both sides’ creativity and passion, and make both sides feel that life is full of meaning and value.

Commitment is the most lasting and stable part of love, which refers to the guarantee of each other’s future and relationship. Commitment is not only a verbal expression, but also a manifestation of inner beliefs and actions. In love, commitment can make the two sides firmly walk together and face the challenges and difficulties in life together.

These three elements together constitute the complete form of love. When intimacy, enthusiasm and commitment can be fully satisfied, love can be developed healthily and maintained for a long time.

Love is not always smooth and beautiful. Sometimes, we will encounter emotional frustration and confusion, and even fall into emotional difficulties. From a psychological point of view, these dilemmas often stem from our misunderstanding and excessive expectation of love. Love may be regarded as the whole of life, thus ignoring its own growth and development; Or we may rely too much on each other in love and lose our self and independence. These misunderstandings and excessive expectations will lead to the dilemma and crisis of love.

Need to have a clear understanding and understanding of love. We should realize that love is only a part of life, not the whole thing; Should maintain self and independence, rather than relying too much on each other; You should learn to deal with emotional setbacks and confusion, rather than escape or give up. Only in this way can we get real happiness and satisfaction in love.

Love is a beautiful emotional experience, which can bring us endless happiness and satisfaction. Love also needs our efforts and wisdom to operate and maintain. Only when we truly understand the connotation and essence of love can we truly enjoy the happiness and beauty of love.

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Half-year exam for beauty companies: make-up can’t compete with skin care, and cheap ones can’t sell at high prices?

Source: Time Weekly-Time Online

  Consumption is a video column of’ No.19 Business Research Society’ under Time Weekly. By the reporter of Time Weekly’s consumer group, we can interpret the big and small things in the consumer field in popular and lively language.

  With the disclosure of financial reports in the first half of this year, coupled with the prospectus just submitted by a new company, the transcripts of domestic beauty products in the first half of this year are beginning to take shape.

  It is worth mentioning that it is different from the previous "fair price" and "flat replacement" route, including most domestic beauty products such as YSG.NYSE, shanghai jahwa (600315.SH), Shangmei Group, Polaiya (603605.SH) and Betani (300957.SZ).

  Don’t, cheap beauty is not popular?

  If the time is set back to 2019, with the popularity of the first year of live broadcast, the new domestic beauty products at that time can be roughly divided into two categories: one is to follow the "fair price" route like a perfect diary, and the other is to create an elegant and dignified Chinese style. Huaxizi faction.

  These two brands are also the first brands with the help of koc, a small red book. At the beginning of the domestic beauty trend, the sales volume was also "leveraged". In 2019, Perfect Diary won Tmall’s make-up sales champion from January to November with sales exceeding 1.5 billion yuan. In the same year, Huaxi’s sales also reached 1.1 billion yuan.

Source: screenshot of the video number of No.19 Commercial Research Institute

  The scene of the hot sale of domestic beauty products in those years seems to be still vivid. However, since the second half of last year, the sales of domestic beauty cosmetics have declined. By the first half of this year, the consumption of beauty cosmetics has obviously become more rational and restrained.

  Statistics from the National Bureau of Statistics show that from January to June this year, the total retail sales of cosmetics nationwide was 190.5 billion yuan. Among them, the retail sales in March, April and May fell for three consecutive years year-on-year, and only the first and second ends achieved data growth, and the total retail sales decreased by 2.5% compared with the same period of last year. This is also the first decline in the total retail sales of cosmetics in the first half of the year in the past 10 years.

  At the same time, the financial report data of some domestic beauty brands can also explain the problem.

  Take the financial report of Perfect Diary’s parent company Yixian E-commerce in the second quarter of this year as an example. Its beauty business revenue decreased by over 50% year-on-year, the overall revenue decreased by 37.59% year-on-year, and the net loss was 266 million yuan. The main reason for the decline in single-season revenue is the decline in the company’s makeup sector revenue. In the second quarter of this year, the income of beauty brands such as Perfect Diary, Little Ondine and Pink Bear of Yixian E-commerce decreased by 50.5%.

  However, Yixian e-commerce has already deployed high-end brands in skin care in the early years, such as acquiring high-end brands including Galénic Clanli, DR.WU and British skin care brand EveLom, and the layout of these non-parity brands has also received some positive feedback.

  In the second quarter of 2022, Yixian E-commerce Company recorded a net income of 318 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 49.2%. Among them, the net income of the above three brands increased by 112% year-on-year, exceeding the overall performance growth rate in the skin care field.

  Now, it seems that it is wise for some beauty companies that used to focus only on the field of make-up not to put their eggs in one basket. However, the skin care track is also a fierce competition zone.

  In the first half of this year, shanghai jahwa, an old domestic brand specializing in skin care products, had a revenue of 3.715 billion yuan, down 11.76% year-on-year; The net profit of shareholders of listed companies was 158 million yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 44.84%; The gross profit margin was 59.91%, down 1.35 percentage points year-on-year, and it once again became a rare enterprise in the industry with a gross profit margin of less than 60%.

  Although shanghai jahwa pointed out in the financial report that it was caused by the epidemic situation, it is still difficult to hide its embarrassing situation of "not high enough, not low enough" in products.

  At present, the brands of shanghai jahwa’s shanghai jahwa’s beauty and skin care products mainly include Meijiajing, Liushen, herborist, Yuze and Shuangmei. Although their brands have enough "national recognition", if they are refined into various categories, the twin sisters who are positioned in the high-end market do not seem to run out, while Liushen and Meijiajing, which are oriented to the mass market, are also facing the dilemma of brand aging, and Meijiajing even experienced a decline in revenue year after year.

  In contrast, beauty brands with mid-to-high-end positioning and characteristic big items are more popular. For example, Shangmei Group and Polaiya, which have played a relatively "slippery" skin care concept in recent years, have launched their main big items with double A alcohol essence, while the latter has early C and late A essence.

Source: screenshot of the video number of No.19 Commercial Research Institute

  If we say that most of the traditional beauty brands are only some items with high profit margins. Then, in recent years, some domestic medical brands have enjoyed the pleasure of making money brought by high gross profit.

  For example, Giant Bio’s gross profit margin was as high as 87.2% in 2021. According to its prospectus, in 2021, the company still made a net profit of 800 million yuan despite spending as much as 350 million yuan on marketing.

  Fuerjia, who is also a brand of medical beauty, just submitted the prospectus. From 2019 to 2021, the comprehensive gross profit margin was 76.97%, 76.47% and 81.95% respectively, showing an overall growth trend.

  Betaine, known as the "first share of medical beauty", earned 2.05 billion yuan in the first half of this year, of which 1.828 billion was from "skin care products" alone, accounting for nearly 90% of the main business income; The income of "make-up" category only accounts for 1.08% of the main business income.

  Make-up is not as good as skin care, and selling cheap ones is not as good as selling expensive ones, which has basically become the general trend. According to the incomplete statistics of Lianshang. com, there were 39 financing incidents in the field of beauty cosmetics from January to June 2022, among which 14 financing incidents occurred in the field of skin care, accounting for about 36%; In the field of cosmetics, there were only 4 financing incidents, accounting for about 10%.

  Not only domestic products, but also foreign brands are basically this path.

  Once a cheap choice, the Korean brand Amore is also going downhill. Since 2019, its makeup brand Yuefeng Shiyi has closed more than 600 stores; Even Amore’s makeup brand Yidi House and high-end brand Heyan have closed all offline stores in the China market last year and this year, which is a losing streak.

  Coincidentally, Maybelline, a European and American popular brand, also announced a total withdrawal of cabinets two months ago. You know, in the embryonic stage of the domestic makeup market, Maybelline can be said to be the makeup enlightenment of the post-80 s and post-90 s.

  However, in such a large China market, how can foreign beauty brands let go easily?

  On May 10th this year, Shiseido launched its first special investment fund in the China market. Shiseido cooperated with Boyu Investment to inject 501 million yuan, with Shiseido accounting for 98% of the shares. It will focus on emerging brands in frontier markets such as beauty and health, as well as investment opportunities of relevant upstream and downstream technical service companies.

  At the same time, L ‘Oré al also signed a contract with Oriental Beauty Valley in May this year, announcing the establishment of the first investment company in China market, which is committed to investing in innovative beauty technology. Carita CARIDAE, a French luxury cinema brand owned by L ‘Oreal, also officially entered the China market in August.

  Overseas brands are still eyeing the mid-to-high-end layout, and it remains to be seen whether all kinds of domestic beauty cosmetics can move from "online celebrity sales" to "long sales".

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It’s snowing Many places in Guangxi welcome the first snow in 2024.

Snow in Guyu Village, Anma Township, Yizhou, Hechi. (Photo/He Taowen/Nie Peibin)

Snow in Guyu Village, Anma Township, Yizhou, Hechi. (Photo/He Taowen/Nie Peibin)

Snow falls in vegetable fields in Sanbao Village, Sanbao Township, Tiane County, Hechi. (Photo/Xie Cuiting Wen/Nie Peibin)

Snow Scene of Zafu Village, Jiayou Town, lingyun county, Baise. (Photo/Hu Renhuan Wen/Nie Peibin)

Snow covers the car in Zafu Village, Jiayou Town, lingyun county, Baise. (Photo/Hu Renhuan Wen/Nie Peibin)

Snow Scene in Xiasan Village, Jiayou Town, lingyun county, Baise. (Photo/Yang Zaifuwen/Nie Peibin)

Snow scene of lingchuan county Meteorological Bureau in Guilin. (Photo/Deng Suhua Yuwen/Nie Peibin)

Snow scene in observation field of lingchuan county Meteorological Bureau, Guilin. (Photo/Deng Suhua Yuwen/Nie Peibin)

Snowflakes are fluttering in the urban area of Guilin. (Photo/Peng Wenyu Wen/Nie Peibin)

Snowflakes are fluttering in the urban area of Guilin. (Photo/Peng Wenyu Wen/Nie Peibin)

Snowflakes are fluttering in the urban area of Guilin. (Photo/Peng Wenyu Wen/Nie Peibin)

Snowflakes are fluttering in the urban area of Guilin. (Photo/Peng Wenyu Wen/Nie Peibin)

Snow scene of xing an weather station in Guilin. (Photo/Li Huiling Wen/Nie Peibin)

Snow scene of Longji terraced fields in Longsheng, Guilin. (Photo/Meng Jingwen/Nie Peibin)

Snow scene of Longji terraced fields in Longsheng, Guilin. (Photo/Meng Jingwen/Nie Peibin)

People play with snow in Quanzhou, Guilin. (Photo/Zhao Zuhuawen/Nie Peibin)

Snow scene in Ziyuan County, Guilin. (Photo/Tan Qiongwen/Nie Peibin)

Snow scene in Ziyuan County, Guilin. (Photo/Tan Qiongwen/Nie Peibin)

Snow scene in Ziyuan County, Guilin. (Photo/Tan Qiongwen/Nie Peibin)

China Weather Network News It’s snowing! From January 21 to 22, 2024, affected by cold air, the weather in Guangxi was cold, and some areas in the north ushered in the first snow in 2024. The picture shows the snow scene in Ziyuan County, Guilin. (Photo/Tan Qiongwen/Nie Peibin)

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Thirty-one provinces started the teacher qualification examination registration today. This information needs to be understood.

  BEIJING, Beijing, Sept. 2 (Xinhua)-From the 2nd, the registration of primary and secondary school teachers’ qualification examination (written examination) will begin in the second half of 2021. In recent years, the professional attractiveness of teachers has been continuously enhanced. During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the average number of qualified teachers in China was more than 1.6 million, and the "teaching enthusiasm" was concerned by public opinion.

  Registration for the teaching examination will begin in the second half of the year.

  According to the news from the Examination Center of the Ministry of Education, the registration for the qualification examination (written examination) for primary and secondary school teachers in the second half of 2021 began on September 2.

  Judging from the registration announcements issued by various provinces a few days ago, the written test was held in 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government), and the registration announcements of various provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government) also went online one after another.

  According to the current teacher qualification examination method, the examination is held twice a year in most provinces, and the general written examination is arranged in March of the first half of the year and November of the second half of the year, 1-mdash ahead of schedule; Start registration in 2 months.

  According to local announcements, the national primary and secondary school teacher qualification examination (written examination) in the second half of this year will be held on October 30th.

  The "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" has recognized more than 1.6 million teachers annually.

  In recent years, the "enthusiasm for teaching resources" has become a topic of social concern. According to the data released by the Ministry of Education in December last year, during the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, 28 provinces participated in the pilot reform of the qualification examination and regular registration system for primary and secondary school teachers, and the average number of qualified teachers was over 1.6 million, an increase of about 37% compared with the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" year.

  Judging from the examination of teaching resources, in recent years, the teacher qualification examination has been held twice a year, and the number of applicants for each examination is over one million. In 2016, the number of applicants for the teacher qualification examination totaled 2.6 million, reaching 4.1 million in 2017 and climbing to 9 million in 2019.

  For example, in the second half of 2019, on the first day of the teacher qualification examination online report, due to too many applicants, the registration port was congested, and the server that registered for official website once collapsed due to excessive pressure, which even made a hot search on the Internet. In that exam, the number of applicants was as high as 5.9 million.

  Expert: The attraction of the teaching profession is increasing.

  Chu Zhaohui, a researcher at China Education Research Institute, analyzed that the "fever" of the teaching-funded examination was firstly due to the increasing scale of college graduates in recent years, and the total scale of college graduates in 2021 reached 9.09 million. Under the employment competition, holding a certificate means an extra "outlet".

  "From a macro perspective, teachers’ salaries and benefits are constantly improving, and the state has also given priority to ensuring demand in the preparation. The attractiveness of teachers’ careers in the future is increasing, which is the background of the rising popularity of teaching examinations." Zhang Xiaojing, an expert from Huatu Education Teachers Research Institute, analyzed.

  Zhang Xiaojing said that in recent years, the state has raised the entry threshold for teachers, and the teacher qualification certificate has become a necessary condition for teachers inside and outside the staff. In addition, in recent years, the state has gradually required some teachers in training institutions to obtain teacher qualification certificates, which has led to the popularity of teacher qualification examinations.

  Relevant experts also said that although the number of teachers applying for the exam has increased, the ratio of the number of qualified teachers to the number of on-the-job teachers is still low, and the source of teachers should be more active, so that more outstanding talents can enter the teaching industry.

The form is taken from the announcement of the qualification examination (written examination) for primary and secondary school teachers in Hebei Province in the second half of 2021.

  The form is taken from the announcement of the qualification examination (written examination) for primary and secondary school teachers in Hebei Province in the second half of 2021.

  What qualities are examined in the teaching examination?

  As far as examinations are concerned, primary and secondary school teachers’ qualification examinations include kindergarten teachers’ qualification examination, primary school teachers’ qualification examination, junior middle school teachers’ qualification examination, senior middle school teachers’ qualification examination, secondary vocational school cultural courses and professional courses teaching, and secondary vocational school internship guidance teaching examination.

  Examination is a national unified examination established by the state and organized by provincial education administrative departments, including written examination and interview.

  According to the introduction of the primary and secondary school teacher qualification examination network of the examination center of the Ministry of Education, it is necessary to examine whether the applicant has the professional ethics, basic literacy, educational and teaching ability and professional development potential of teachers through the implementation of the primary and secondary school teacher qualification examination.

  Zhang Xiaojing said that the teacher qualification examination is based on the principle of strictly controlling the entrance of teachers and attaches importance to the examination of the comprehensive ability of applicants. In recent years, the difficulty of teaching-funded examination has increased, and the proposition angle of comprehension and application topics has become more novel and flexible, focusing on examining candidates’ comprehension ability and comprehensive application ability, especially on teachers’ innovation ability. (End)